As its name indicates, the fur of this species is smoother and shorter than that of other otters. This species attains reproductive maturity when they are 22 months old. Despite a diverse habitat preference, a major threat to this species’ survival is the loss of habitat suitable for them. [8], In southern Bangladesh, smooth-coated otters are used for commercial fishing. In the 19th and 20th centuries, several zoological specimens were described: The largest individuals occupied the middle section. In the 19th and 20th centuries, several zoological specimens were described, including: Small-clawed otters prefer shallow water, with a good food supply, and moderate to low bankside vegetation. [3] The males are larger than the females. Copulation occurs in water and lasts less than one minute. According to Baker, in Singapore, they are also reported from the Western Catchment Area. [2], Smooth-coated otter are not naturally aggressive to humans. [2] This species is very closely related to ferrets, badgers and mink but is not related to beavers, though are often mistaken for these animals. Although it is often found in saltwater near the coast, especially on smaller islands, it requires a nearby source of fresh water. Small fish they swallow whole, but they take large fish to shore. Asian small-clawed otters are found in southern India, southern China, Southeast Asia, Indonesia and the Philippines. There are no estimates of population numbers for Smooth-coated otter. [13][14], They communicate through vocalisations such as whistles, chirps, and wails. Smooth-coated otters are the largest of Asia’s otters and have a very smooth, sleek pelage. Nights are spent in dens that they dig in dense vegetation, among boulders or under tree roots. The Eurasian Otter is widespread with five sub-species. This week’s decision by CITES parties to list both small-clawed and smooth-coated otters on Appendix I means that all international commercial trade in both species is now illegal. The smooth-coated otters were residents in the Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve in 1998, and the small … [13] They mark their playground by urinating and sprainting on rocks or vegetation. The resulting offspring and their descendants bred back into the smooth-coated otter population, but maintained the genes of their small-clawed otter ancestors. - small clawed otter stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Asian small-clawed otters eat shellfish and crabs, while smooth-coated otters pursue fish. The proposal to list the otters was floated by Bangladesh, India, Nepal and the Philippines. At six weeks they start learning to swim. [1] Since August 2019, it is included in CITES Appendix I, thus strengthening its protection in regards to international trade. Otters are the only known marine animals with no blubber. Habitat: Otters as wetland Ambassadors’The smooth-coated otter occurs along the large rivers and lakes, in mangrove forests along the coast and estuaries, and in Southeast Asia it even uses the rice fields for foraging . The young are weaned after five months. The pups are blind and helpless when born, their eyes opening at four weeks. [21] The otters showed a variety of rock juggling behaviors, sometimes engaging in the activity on land. Most of their foraging activity is in water. Tracks and scat found in Erbil Province were also thought to have been left by smooth-coated otters. These otters form strong monogamous bonds. They reach adult size at about a year of age, and sexual maturity at two or three years. During this season, they are disturbed by humans harvesting crops and removing wood along rocky stretches of the river. They may either construct such a burrow themselves, or they may take over an abandoned one. Today, a population of at least 60 hybrid otters exists in Singapore. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1996 and is threatened by habitat loss, pollution of wetlands and poaching for the illegal wildlife trade. In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh fishermen will train these cooperative animals to drive the fish into their nets. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Breeding is from August to December. The smooth-coated otter has a short and sleek fur that is dark to reddish brown along the back, but light brown to almost grey on the underside. gaps under buildings) as alternatives for their holts, and learnt to use man-made structures such as staircases and ladders to get in and out of concrete canals with vertical or near‐vertical banks. [4] During the rice planting season, they also hunt rats in rice fields. The two otter species — smooth-coated otters, known to hunt fish cooperatively in the wild, and Asian short-clawed otters, which feed individually on … Their fur is velvety and thick and has two layers: their guard fur keeps their underfur dry under water to keep their body heat. The father is permitted to join the group once the pups are weaned, whereupon he helps provide food for them. It is distinguished from other otter species by its more rounded head and a hairless nose in the shape of a distorted diamond. [24], The smooth-coated otter is a protected species in most range countries and listed globally as a vulnerable species. They suddenly dived and grasped the fish with their snouts. The levels of international trade are little known for either the Small-clawed Otter or the Smooth-coated Otter, but research undertaken by TRAFFIC in collaboration with the IUCN Otter Specialist Group and other partners has found both species severely impacted by illegal trade in several Asian markets. Their fur is velvety and thick and has two layers: their guard fur keeps their underfur dry under water to keep their body heat. Lutrogale was proposed as generic name by John Edward Gray in 1865 for otters with a convex forehead and nose, using perspicillata as type species. … When swimming slowly, the otter uses all four of its paws to ‘doggy paddle’, but when swimming fast, it tucks its shorter front paws in, and uses its webbed hind feet and its tail for propulsion. It is a relatively large otter, from 7 to 11 kg (15 to 24 lb) in weight and 59 to 64 cm (23 to 25 in) in head-body length, with a tail 37 to 43 cm (15 to 17 in) long. [25], Smooth-coated otter in Kabini River, India, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Revision of the Genera and Species of Mustelidae contained in the British Museum", "Notes on some British Indian otters, with descriptions of two new subspecies", "The Status of the Iraq Smooth-coated Otter, "Phylogeography of the smooth-coated otter (, "Key Biodiversity Survey of Southern Iraq: 2009 Site Review", "Fishing with Otters: a Traditional Conservation Practice in Bangladesh", "Some observations on otters at Kuala Gula, Perak and National Park, Pahang", "Aspects of Preying Behaviour of Smooth Coated Otters, "Observations of the Variation in Group Structure of two Urban Smooth-Coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata Groups in the Central Watershed of Singapore", "The urban Smooth‐coated otters Lutrogale perspicillata of Singapore: a review of the reasons for success", "Seizure Of Live Otters In Bangkok Airport, Thailand", "CITES CoP 2019: Otters given highest protection from trade", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Smooth-coated_otter&oldid=992433655, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 06:57. They mark their territory with a strong musky scent that they spread on vegetation from the anal scent glands of both males and females, a behavior called sprainting. These otters live in small streams, rivers, marshes, rice paddies, seacoasts and in mangroves. However, typically they are in the water more than half of the day. This animal’s front legs are shorter than its rear legs, which helps with swimming, and its thick, conical tail is more flattened than in other otters, especially at the end. 1. These animals love to sunbathe during the day, and at night they are very active. Previously, smooth-coated otters were mostly sighted in the mangroves, mudflats and coastal areas such as Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Pasir Ris, … [10], The population in the Mesopotamian Marshes was feared to have perished, but otter tracks were found in 2009, suggesting the population may have survived. Observations in Peninsular Malaysia indicate that they are active foremost during the day, with a short rest during midday. Play by this definition is seen in otters such as the Asian small-clawed and smooth-coated otters, who are both known to “juggle” with rocks. [11] Skins of smooth-coated otters were found during surveys between 2005 and 2012 in the vicinity of Hammar and Hawizeh Marshes. They feed mainly on fish including Trichogaster, climbing gourami and catfish. The mothers give birth to and raise their young in a burrow near water. Smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) Between 1980 and 2015, 2,949 otter pelts were seized in India. They have adapt well to human environments in Singapore, and had been observed to use urban structures (e.g. Threatened smooth-coated otters and endangered hairy-nosed otters, both found in Southeast Asia, are sometimes caught up in the pet trade. Smooth-Coated Otter Wikipedia article -, 2. These otters live in small streams, rivers, marshes, rice paddies, seacoasts and in mangroves. Sea otters breed throughout the year. These otters are primarily found in lowlands, peat swamp forests, coastal mangrove forests, large forested rivers, freshwater wetlands, lakes, and rice paddies. [17], Smooth-coated otters form small family groups of a mated pair with up to four offspring from previous seasons. The Smooth-coated otter lives in southern and Southeast Asia, China, and India, and in Iraq there is a small population. Unlike the Eurasian Otter its front feet are only partially webbed, but it has short claws for digging in the mud and lifting rocks. Though Singapore's landscape has rapidly urbanised over the past 50 years, the highly adaptable smooth-coated otter continues to exist and perhaps even thrive here, as sightings of it have increased over the last decade 12. The male is larger but the female is the dominant one in the group. They are the largest species of Southeast Asian otter, with adults growing to about four feet in length and weigh 15-25lbs. Currently this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing. In Nepal, seizures of otter pelts summed up to 755 within the period 1989-2017iii. The usual litter size is up to five pups, and is born after a gestation period of 60 to 63 days. [15] Especially in areas where they share habitat with other otter species, they prefer larger fish, typically between 5 and 30 cm (2.0 and 11.8 in) in length. The smooth-coated otter and the Asian small-clawed otter genetically diverged about 1.33 ± 0.78 million years ago. However, the IUCN Otter Specialist Group thinks that the decline of both Asian small-clawed and smooth-coated otters has been even more precipitous than … Asian small-clawed otters have a 24- to 30-day estrous cycle, with three days of estrus. Oriental short-clawed otters have been hunted for their dense, velvety pelts, which like those of all otters, are dense with a velvety texture. Small-clawed otters and to a lesser extent the three other otter species found in Southeast Asia—the Eurasian otter, the smooth-coated otter, and the hairy-nosed otter… Three subspecies are recognised:[2], The smooth-coated otter groups with the Asian small-clawed otter and the African clawless otter into a sister clade to the genus Lutra. Smooth-coated otters are omnivorous and eat insects, crustaceans, birds, frogs, water rats, eggs and fish. In the 19th and 20th centuries, several zoological specimens were described, including: The smooth-coated otter is the only living species in the genus Lutrogale. These animals in Malaysia are more abundant in the mangrove forests than in the river systems. [1], It occurs in areas where fresh water is plentiful — wetlands and seasonal swamps, rivers, lakes, and rice paddies. Such as at Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Pasir Ris, Pulau Ubin as well as Changi. They are bred in captivity, trained, and used to chase fish into fishing nets. The smooth-coated ones grow up to about a metre long and weigh about 11kg. Asian short-clawed otters learn from each other when solving puzzles to get food, a new study shows. These factors lead to a reduced prey base. The smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) is a species of otter, the only extant representative of the genus Lutrogale.The species is found in most of the Indian Subcontinent and eastwards to Southeast Asia, with a disjunct population in Iraq. They are … They include a study published in October 2018 that found a boom in demand for otters as pets in Japan, … Species: Asian Small-clawed, Smooth-coated and Eurasian Otter. Also called the “oriental small-clawed otter.” This species is the least aquatic of the 13 species of otters (Lutrinae). [9], The smooth-coated otter has been recorded in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, southwest China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesian islands of Borneo, Sumatra and Java, and Brunei. Smooth-coated otters are the largest of Asia’s otters and have a very smooth, sleek pelage. The smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) is an otter species occurring in most of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, with a disjunct population in Iraq. (Asian small-clawed otters), and Lutrogale perspicillata (smooth-coated otters). Lutra perspicillata was the scientific name proposed by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1826 for a brown otter collected in Sumatra. At least seven smooth-coated otters were offered for sale through websites by traders in Thailand and Malaysia between 2016 and 2017. [2], Smooth-coated otters were observed to forage on river banks among tree trunks. The smooth-coated otter and the Asian small-clawed otter are now on the CITES list of animals with the highest level of protection from the wildlife trade. Otters are indiscriminately killed especially at aquaculture sites. oriental small-clawed otter -amblonyx cinerea-, adult, at the water, native to asia, captive, australia - small clawed otter stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Its tail is flattened, in contrast to the more rounded tails of other otters. Smooth-coated otters are adapted to water but are equally comfortable being on land and are able to travel long distances overland when seeking a suitable habitat. It can close its ears and nostrils underwater. Females have two pairs of teats.[2]. Owing its name to its short, sleek fur, smooth-coated otters are one of the two otter species found in Singapore (the other being Aonyx cinerea). Habitat/Diet The Smooth-Coated Otter is generally brown dorsally, with a lighter underside and throat. At one year old, young often disperse to find a home range of their own. Asian small-clawed and smooth-coated otters were included in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) at the ongoing 18 th Conference of Parties (CoP) in Geneva on August 26, 2019.. [1] As its name indicates, its fur is smooth and shorter than that of other otter species. Rounder heads and flatter tails are two characteristics by which one may distinguish this otter species. [10][16], In Kuala Selangor Nature Park, an otter group was observed hunting. Otters have been photographed engaging in human-like behaviors including holding hands. But Asian small-clawed otters, a … Asian Small-clawed Otters occur along the southern boundary of China. This species is unusually social and mostly nocturnal. Family groups which include the breeding pair with up to four young born in previous seasons may nest and hunt together within a territory measuring 7 – 12 km². [21], The smooth-coated otter is threatened by poaching, loss and destruction of wetlands, as these are converted for settlements, agriculture and hydroelectric projects; water courses are being polluted by pesticides such as chlorinated hydrocarbons and organophosphates. They share their habitat with three other species of otter: Eurasian, smooth coated … Lutrogale was proposed as generic name by John Edward Gray in 1865 for otters with a convex forehead and nose, using perspicillata as type species. Hunting is not, however, the main cause of the dwindling numbers. This was the first case of smooth-coated otters thought to have been destined for the illegal pet trade. These animals are active, hunting in groups both during the night and the day. Smooth-Coated Otter on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smooth-coated_otter, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12427/0. Otters are very intelligent creatures, being able to create and use tools, as do beavers, monkeys, and apes. There are two species of otters here - the smooth-coated and the small-clawed otters. [1], Along the Chambal River in India, smooth-coated otters are most vulnerable during winter when they rear young. An isolated population is also found in the marshes of Iraq. [12], The smooth-coated otter lives in groups of up to 11 individuals. Otters mark their territories with a strong musky odour. [20] At birth, the pups are blind and helpless, but after 10 days, their eyes open, and they are weaned at about three to five months. The Asian Small-clawed Otter is the smallest of all otters, measuring a mere 65-90cm, and hardly ever reaching 5kg. Smooth otter, Asian River otter, Indian Smooth otter, Indian Smooth-coated otter. It had been listed on CITES Appendix II since 1977. 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